1-2/2002 Content

77 (2002) 1–2: Migration

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The European Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies’ focus on migration at the beginning of the 21st century
Heike Spieker (Deutsches Rotes Kreuz)

Keynotes on Migration given at the VIth Regional Conference of the European Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Berlin, 14–19 April, 2002

The challenges of migration for the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement – Introduction to the main theme
Hans-Beat Moser (Schweizerisches Rotes Kreuz, unter Mithilfe von Ludger Philips)

The demographic significance of international migration
Jean-Pierre Gonnot (UNO)

Joaquim Pedro Nunes de Almeida (EU)

Migration and trafficking in human beings
Helga Konrad (Stabilitätspakt für Südosteuropa)

Kari Tapiola (ILO)

Peter Schatzer (IOM)

Steven Wagenseil (OSZE)

The immigration issue in Germany – Presentation to the Secretary-Generals
Rita Süssmuth


Towards a General Agreement on Movements of People (GAMP)
Thomas Straubhaar

This paper argues that global games need global rules. Times of globalization call for an international framework to regulate efficiently international movements of people. This paper discusses the economic necessity of a shift from national migration policies to an international regime which could be based on a General Agreement on Movements of People (GAMP). This labour market analogy to the GATT/GATS proceeds from the conviction that in general the free international movement of people – like the free movement of goods and capital – is beneficial to the migrants, the countries of origin and the countries of destination. However, it should also provide an instrument for internalizing externalities provoked by international migration. To avoid brain drain effects in the sending areas and congestion effects in the receiving areas it might be wise to impose a migration fee that makes exits and entries more expensive.

The 1951 Geneva Convention on the Status of Refugees – Historical determinants and conceptual substance with regard to current migration problems
Joachim Wolf

This article tries to identify the topical relevance of the 1951 Geneva Convention on Refugees and its capabilities to contribute to the conception of a coherent international refugee law with regard to current global migration problems. For this purpose it is necessary to expose its conceptual substance which shall be done by analyzing the formative influences on the historical emergence of this convention. As a conclusion it has to be admitted that the convention cannot be labelled a “magna charta” of international refugee law. Rather it failed to cope even with the limited tasks set by the founding states in order to resolve a number of distinct regional and historical problems. Nonetheless, by some pivotal compromises reached by the parties it was able to secure solid foundations for a legal regime on refugees. Because an agreement on a completely new convention is unlikely to be reached the existing Geneva Convention should be maintained despite recent criticisms and integrated into more comprehensive concepts of a migration regime under international law.

European asylum and migration politics – Achievements and perspectives
Steffen Angenendt

Cooperation on matters of asylum and migration has become an important field of European politics not only because of increasing migration pressure but also because of the decision laid down in the Amsterdam Treaty to incorporate these issues into EU policies. In this process the European Commission has assumed a leading role and has made proposals relating to almost all aspects of a common policy. This article provides an overview over the latest developments. Starting out from the significance of migration and ayslum policies for European integration and a survey of previous cooperation it portrays the proposals submitted by the commission and summarizes the reactions of some important European actors as well as some NGOs. Finally the prospects of a common European migration and asylum policy are discussed.

Further Article

Putting people at the centre of the international agenda: The human security approach
Mirko Zambelli

The idea to protect people and individuals is not new, but the conflicts of the 1990s emphasized the need to adapt security strategies in order to reach the human being, a shift expressed by the notion of “human security”. This concept has been integrated into the foreign policy agenda of states and has been adopted by international organizations. Human security has a political functionality: this paradigm is much more an agenda for transformation than a substantive issue. The adoption of a human security approach should be pursued by all policymakers – if not on philosophical or moral grounds – due to political considerations: the security of a state needs the security of the individual.